Page 1 of 2 1 2 >
You need to be logged in to post on the forum
Topic Options
Index
#416015 - 05/31/17 02:28 PM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Mastering with 1 Button
David Snyder Offline
Veteran

Registered: 08/29/14
Posts: 3623
Loc: North Carolina
Lurssen Mastering Console, standlone and VST. It really is what they say it is. Phenomenal. 5 hours left to get this (worth every single stinking penny) plus 2 other comparably priced modules, like Stealth Limiter (killer) and the White Channel (also killer).

For my next song I will post something I mastered with this, it really does make it iTunes spec-ed and ready with one button if you choose the presets which are simply amazing. (As long as your mix is good.)

IK Multimedia special ending at midnight (30 days if you are already a client.)



Attachments
Lurssen.jpg


_________________________
David Snyder
Audiophile Everything + Studio + Instruments + Fingers
ASCAP, NSAI

www.davidsnydermusic.com
www.reverbnation.com./davidpsnyder
www.soundcloud.com/davidsnyderchannel
www.songtradr.com/user/profile/david.snyder







Top
#442508 - 12/04/17 05:16 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: David Snyder]
BlueAttitude Offline
Expert

Registered: 11/30/07
Posts: 1334
Loc: Ontario, Canada
David,

I downloaded the demo of this yesterday and have been playing with it for a few hours now. First of all I think it sounds great! I am liking the results better than Ozone.
Quick question if you don't mind, do you have a recommendation on what the peak audio levels should be on the file you are sending to LMC for processing?
I've been experimenting with feeding it a file that peaks around -6db in the loudest parts and then adjusting the drive knob so it only goes in the red during those really loud portions, so it usually ends up being set around +1 db or so.
Do you have a similar work flow or can you recommend a different approach?

Thanks, man!
_________________________
Dave

Blue Attitude: Homepage, Latest song: Life ain't a Cookie Jar

Top
#442512 - 12/04/17 05:38 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: David Snyder]
Guitarhacker Offline
Veteran

Registered: 04/03/09
Posts: 5622
comments redacted.... for now.

(muttering to myself.....)
_________________________
You can find my music at:
www.herbhartley.com

Add nothing that adds nothing to the music

Top
#442521 - 12/04/17 06:21 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: Guitarhacker]
BlueAttitude Offline
Expert

Registered: 11/30/07
Posts: 1334
Loc: Ontario, Canada
Originally Posted By: Guitarhacker
comments redacted.... for now.

(muttering to myself.....)



Then why bother posting in the first place??
_________________________
Dave

Blue Attitude: Homepage, Latest song: Life ain't a Cookie Jar

Top
#442565 - 12/04/17 09:54 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: BlueAttitude]
Guitarhacker Offline
Veteran

Registered: 04/03/09
Posts: 5622
Originally Posted By: BlueAttitude
Originally Posted By: Guitarhacker
comments redacted.... for now.

(muttering to myself.....)



Then why bother posting in the first place??


well.... since you insisted...

I'm a big fan of using presets to get you started, but I rarely keep the preset settings. One button or one preset or even one hundred presets just doesn't get the job done in many cases.

Oh yeah, for many, this is the Holy Grail discovered in the music world, because of one reason or another. Depending on your POV, one button may be perfectly fine but to another person, maybe not.

I've advocated in the past that anyone serious about mixing music should take the time to learn what the various aspects of mastering involve. Take the time to learn about compressors and why you need one and what settings you need to use and what's happening when you adjust the threshold or the release. Learn about the EQ and how to properly apply that as well as reverb. And learn the difference between the limiter and the compressor so they can be properly applied. Many folks who use these "one button" solutions, I would wager to say, don't take the time to study and understand those things. Instead, they pop in the preset, say to themselves that it sounds better than their original tracks and leave it at that, calling it done. And like I said, if that's how you feel and how you work, hey, all the best wishes in the world for your continued success.

It's when you take the time to dig into the depths of the plugs and learn what's going on under the hood, that you gain a huge step forward in in your mastering and mixing skills.
_________________________
You can find my music at:
www.herbhartley.com

Add nothing that adds nothing to the music

Top
#442620 - 12/04/17 12:43 PM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: David Snyder]
BlueAttitude Offline
Expert

Registered: 11/30/07
Posts: 1334
Loc: Ontario, Canada
Despite what you may think I have a very good understanding of the mastering process, and how limiters, compressors, and EQ work. I've had a home studio for almost 20 years and back in the day those were the tools you needed to master a track.

Hey, if you want to use an old school mastering chain more power to you! For me I prefer tools such as Ozone, and possibly this one, I'm still evaluating it, that get me close to a finished product with a minimum amount of work.
_________________________
Dave

Blue Attitude: Homepage, Latest song: Life ain't a Cookie Jar

Top
#442644 - 12/04/17 03:45 PM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: BlueAttitude]
Janice & Bud Offline
Veteran

Registered: 12/05/11
Posts: 5643
Loc: GA USA
Originally Posted By: BlueAttitude
Despite what you may think I have a very good understanding of the mastering process, and how limiters, compressors, and EQ work. I've had a home studio for almost 20 years and back in the day those were the tools you needed to master a track.

Hey, if you want to use an old school mastering chain more power to you! For me I prefer tools such as Ozone, and possibly this one, I'm still evaluating it, that get me close to a finished product with a minimum amount of work.


A listen to your posted productions will quickly verify that you do, indeed, have “a very good understanding of the mastering process.”

IMO there are no absolutes in the arcane world of mastering - one either “likes” the result or not. I think the movement toward more and more sophisticated software (and accompanying sophisticated presets) is simply reflective of burgeoning AI technology. I particularly like the Ozone presets for which I can listen to multiple permutations and choose one to my liking - with occasional light tweaking. If I’m the project producer and I like the result all is good in my book. Heck, “old school” mastering has plenty of presets - written in notebooks! My first studio experience was in 1966. I’m all about the changes that have occurred since then. From what I’ve read we are on the cusp of a tech explosion regarding mixing and mastering. I’m in smile
_________________________
Never grow up...it's a trap.
J&B SoundCloud Sampler
J&B YouTube Sampler
J&B Website

Top
#442676 - 12/04/17 07:08 PM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: Janice & Bud]
Jim Fogle Offline
Veteran

Registered: 08/20/11
Posts: 3722
Loc: Winston-Salem, NC USA
I envy those of you like Herb and Bud that have the background experience or knowledge to HAVE trained ears and mixing skills. Many, do not. I confess I am one of the unskilled.

Of course Herb is correct. Bud's correct too. In the beginning a user may need to depend on presets 100% to create audio that can be listened to without cringing. There is a reason Toontrack can sell EZ Mix bundles and everyone loves Ozone. The truth is not everyone has the skills to create a listenable mix or the knowledge to put together a proper signal chain.

Ideally people will use these as educational tools and learn while also helping them to be able to create audio they can be proud of while they are learning.
_________________________
Jim Fogle
2018 BiaB (516) UltraPlusPak RB 2018 (Build 5)
Cakewalk by Bandlab - Sonar Home Studio - Cakewalk Music Creator 6 - Audacity
i3 laptop, 64bit Win 7, 8 GB ram, 480GB HDD
Music at: http://fogle622.wix.com/fogle622-audio-home

Top
#442684 - 12/04/17 09:52 PM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: David Snyder]
JohnJohnJohn Offline
Veteran

Registered: 06/25/12
Posts: 2142
I remember my first TI-55 that helped me through my engineering classes.



Now I could have insisted on doing everything long-hand with my slide rule but I realized early on that you use the best tools available at the time to get the job done.

So, yes, of course I use Ozone! And if I happen to like a preset with or without a little tweaking then I am just that much further along in the process. And I honestly don't care if I miss a learning experience by using a preset rather than handcrafting my mastering chain! Same way I don't care one whit about how to construct a reverb chamber...I just click a button to add the reverb! laugh

Top
#442714 - 12/05/17 04:19 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: JohnJohnJohn]
BlueAttitude Offline
Expert

Registered: 11/30/07
Posts: 1334
Loc: Ontario, Canada
Originally Posted By: JohnJohnJohn


Now I could have insisted on doing everything long-hand with my slide rule but I realized early on that you use the best tools available at the time to get the job done.

So, yes, of course I use Ozone! And if I happen to like a preset with or without a little tweaking then I am just that much further along in the process. And I honestly don't care if I miss a learning experience by using a preset rather than handcrafting my mastering chain! Same way I don't care one whit about how to construct a reverb chamber...I just click a button to add the reverb! laugh


When I first started in technical school back in '73 we still used slide rules, calculators were still a couple of years away.
And when I first started working in the computer industry it was large main frame computers so big that you could walk inside, with not even close to the power of a modern phone.
Technology is a wonderful thing, the things you can accomplish with a small home studio today is really quite remarkable. And getting better all the time!

As Bud said:
"I’m all about the changes that have occurred since then. From what I’ve read we are on the cusp of a tech explosion regarding mixing and mastering. I’m in"

Me too!


Edited by BlueAttitude (12/05/17 04:22 AM)
_________________________
Dave

Blue Attitude: Homepage, Latest song: Life ain't a Cookie Jar

Top
#442716 - 12/05/17 04:28 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: Jim Fogle]
Janice & Bud Offline
Veteran

Registered: 12/05/11
Posts: 5643
Loc: GA USA
Originally Posted By: Jim Fogle
I envy those of you like Herb and Bud that have the background experience or knowledge to HAVE trained ears and mixing skills. Many, do not. I confess I am one of the unskilled.

Of course Herb is correct. Bud's correct too. In the beginning a user may need to depend on presets 100% to create audio that can be listened to without cringing. There is a reason Toontrack can sell EZ Mix bundles and everyone loves Ozone. The truth is not everyone has the skills to create a listenable mix or the knowledge to put together a proper signal chain.

Ideally people will use these as educational tools and learn while also helping them to be able to create audio they can be proud of while they are learning.


Jim, i understand and appreciate your perspective. I’m suggesting that the time is coming or is perhaps here that it will simply not be necessary to learn those skills yet still create a great master. There will always be luddites and/or folks who simply want to master/mix sans latest technology. I make no value judgement on that other than I suspect they will become a dwindling number.

Bud

_________________________
Never grow up...it's a trap.
J&B SoundCloud Sampler
J&B YouTube Sampler
J&B Website

Top
#442735 - 12/05/17 07:10 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: David Snyder]
David Snyder Offline
Veteran

Registered: 08/29/14
Posts: 3623
Loc: North Carolina
Hmmm. This may be getting overly complicated from my perspective, and of course that is only one perspective.

I separate mixing from "mastering." I spend countless hours with tons of plug ins and EQs in the mixing phase and get it as close as I can. I usually have nothing in the master bus when the mix is exported.

When that is done, I move to either Ozone or Lurssen for the final gloss. (Sometimes both.)

Ozone will let you pick a preset and do infinite tweaks of that preset as a starting point. It also lets you bring in 3rd party plugins. So for example, I may start with "enhance stereo image" from Ozone, but also bring in a bus compressor from IK Multimedia to add more glue. Or I may also bring in another EQ. Who knows. It depends on the sound.

For some final "finishing touches" I just let Lurssen do its thing after I have done all I can do in the mix. For many of these tunes it works well, when I want the loudness, pop, sparkle and compression that you hear in many modern mixes.

But it is not in the mixing--only the very last thing I do to get a certain sheen, pop and crispness to the final version. I call this the "master."

If I think Lurssen has done too much I will abandon it and start setting up a signal chain in Ozone, but most of the time I find Lurssen to work quite well as the final brush stroke.

I do not use it on softer, mostly acoustic singer-songwriting songs though, because it takes too much away from the dynamic range.

But that is only me. Just one guy, one approach, and one method to working with sounds.

There are thousands more. Everyone has to produce what they are satisfied with.

On my last song, I laughed, because from various forums and other sources, I got about 24 different suggestions on how and why I needed to completely redo the mix, or add or subtract instruments, or add reverb, or delete reverb, you name it. Every single suggestion was different from the other--sometimes at polar opposites.

Maybe we should all just start sending out .wav files batches and say "Here, mix your own version until you are happy. After all, it is your song."

smile
_________________________
David Snyder
Audiophile Everything + Studio + Instruments + Fingers
ASCAP, NSAI

www.davidsnydermusic.com
www.reverbnation.com./davidpsnyder
www.soundcloud.com/davidsnyderchannel
www.songtradr.com/user/profile/david.snyder







Top
#442741 - 12/05/17 07:55 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: David Snyder]
Guitarhacker Offline
Veteran

Registered: 04/03/09
Posts: 5622
Indeed, when you have mixed the project well, there's almost no work left for the mastering stage. As David said.... just a little bit of gloss is all that's needed. I refer to it as "polishing the mix".

And yes, I love and use Ozone. I have a number of my custom presets that I have created for various reasons along the way. But the funny thing is, I can record two songs, basically the same genre and style, and pop in the same preset, and the preset requires almost no tweeking in one song but requires a substantial amount of tweeking or even deleting it and starting over, in the other song. Many years back, and you probably do the same thing, I began to use presets as simply a good starting point.
_________________________
You can find my music at:
www.herbhartley.com

Add nothing that adds nothing to the music

Top
#442821 - 12/05/17 11:52 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: David Snyder]
Jim Fogle Offline
Veteran

Registered: 08/20/11
Posts: 3722
Loc: Winston-Salem, NC USA
Actually, I believe we are all saying pretty much the same thing just from different perspectives. All is good.
_________________________
Jim Fogle
2018 BiaB (516) UltraPlusPak RB 2018 (Build 5)
Cakewalk by Bandlab - Sonar Home Studio - Cakewalk Music Creator 6 - Audacity
i3 laptop, 64bit Win 7, 8 GB ram, 480GB HDD
Music at: http://fogle622.wix.com/fogle622-audio-home

Top
#442919 - 12/05/17 08:59 PM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: David Snyder]
rockstar_not Offline
Veteran

Registered: 01/14/02
Posts: 7351
Loc: Colorado Springs, CO, USA
I use the Acuma Final Mix plugin which has the following signal chain: 6 band parametric eq—>3 Band compression—> 6 Band parametric eq—> limiter.

Lots of overall bus presets as well as for sub mixes and individual channels.

I’ve learned a great deal surfing the presets and switching off and on and so forth. Not to brag, but I have a Masters degree in engineering with masters level signal processing courses. In other words, as part of that course work I’ve designed filters, dynamic processing, etc.

All of that deep training in how signals are processed is very useful in picturing what is happening to the signal, but I would say the preset auditioning is just as educational and perhaps more so.

I use Final Mix less, using more channel strip plugin tweaked presets on individual channels but even with those, auditioning and experimenting with presets has been a boon.

For those of us that didn’t have any opportunity to learn in a studio, I’m not sure there’s a better way to learn these days.

Top
#442972 - 12/06/17 04:57 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: David Snyder]
Janice & Bud Offline
Veteran

Registered: 12/05/11
Posts: 5643
Loc: GA USA
I realize the thread is about mastering but the time is going to come (and soon) whereby a plug-in will read all your raw tracks and using your supplied reference song create a mix that matches the reference by any metric you can imagine. I see it adding all the necessary effects to each track, pans, gains, etc., to achieve the goal. The computing power to achieve this likely resides in your mobile device. What’s left? More time to nail soulful heartfelt performances. Bring it on. grin

Bud
_________________________
Never grow up...it's a trap.
J&B SoundCloud Sampler
J&B YouTube Sampler
J&B Website

Top
#442973 - 12/06/17 05:09 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: Janice & Bud]
BlueAttitude Offline
Expert

Registered: 11/30/07
Posts: 1334
Loc: Ontario, Canada
Originally Posted By: Janice & Bud
I realize the thread is about mastering but the time is going to come (and soon) whereby a plug-in will read all your raw tracks and using your supplied reference song create a mix that matches the reference by any metric you can imagine. I see it adding all the necessary effects to each track, pans, gains, etc., to achieve the goal. The computing power to achieve this likely resides in your mobile device. What’s left? More time to nail soulful heartfelt performances. Bring it on. grin

Bud


Yes, you are right Bud. That is certainly the direction Ozone seems to be heading.
_________________________
Dave

Blue Attitude: Homepage, Latest song: Life ain't a Cookie Jar

Top
#443021 - 12/06/17 09:15 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: BlueAttitude]
sslechta Offline
Expert

Registered: 12/27/13
Posts: 1186
Loc: St. Louis, MO. USA
Originally Posted By: BlueAttitude

Yes, you are right Bud. That is certainly the direction Ozone seems to be heading.


I agree as well.
_________________________


Steve

BIAB/RB 2018, Pro Tools 2018, Korg N5, Proteus F/X, JBL LSR 4328 Powered Monitors, AKG/Shure Mics.
PC: 1 TB SSD, 2 TB HD, 128 GB Memory

Top
#443265 - 12/07/17 07:03 AM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: David Snyder]
BlueAttitude Offline
Expert

Registered: 11/30/07
Posts: 1334
Loc: Ontario, Canada
Well, after many hours evaluating I went ahead and bought it. Lots of bang for the buck, currently on sale for $100, plus I got a $5 discount for registering an account with them.

At the moment I'm using it as a plug in module in an Ozone 7 session, last in the chain so that I can make use of the Digital Distribution Mastering function which is brilliant! The only Ozone module I used for my evaluation was the stereo Imager module.

Well worth checking, the demo is fully functional and is good for eight days.
_________________________
Dave

Blue Attitude: Homepage, Latest song: Life ain't a Cookie Jar

Top
#444375 - 12/11/17 03:35 PM [Recording, Mixing, Performance and Production] Re: Mastering with 1 Button [Re: Janice & Bud]
Jim Fogle Offline
Veteran

Registered: 08/20/11
Posts: 3722
Loc: Winston-Salem, NC USA
Bud I agree with you 100%. Now is a wonderful time to be interested in creating music. The future will be even better.
_________________________
Jim Fogle
2018 BiaB (516) UltraPlusPak RB 2018 (Build 5)
Cakewalk by Bandlab - Sonar Home Studio - Cakewalk Music Creator 6 - Audacity
i3 laptop, 64bit Win 7, 8 GB ram, 480GB HDD
Music at: http://fogle622.wix.com/fogle622-audio-home

Top
Page 1 of 2 1 2 >


PG Music News
RealTracks Artist Quinn Bachand - Hard at Work!

Check it out - this is happening NOW... Quinn Bachand's latest RealTracks recording session!

Image: http://www.pgmusic.com/gfx/Quinn_Session.jpeg

Listen to demos of Quinn's existing RealTracks at http://www.pgmusic.com/realtracks.artists.php?a=61&os=win&sortby=name

The Band-in-a-Box® 2018 PlusPAK Upgrade for Mac

Did you know....

If you are currently using a Band-in-a-Box® 2017 UltraPlusPAK or EverythingPAK and are wanting to upgrade to the new version, with the 202 new RealTracks that were just released, the PlusPAK upgrade is a great option! This is available on DVD, flash drive, or electronic delivery - simply install the content to your existing 2017 BB folder! Add the 49-PAK to your purchase, and you'll complete the RealTracks library with the 40 BONUS unreleased RealTracks!

This package is on sale for just $99 during our special (reg. $129): http://www.pgmusic.com/bbmac.packages.pluspak.htm.

Get to Know The Band-in-a-Box® 2018 49-PAK for Mac

Purchase Band-in-a-Box® 2018 for Mac during our special and you will receive a Free Bonus PAK which includes Video RealTracks Set 1: Pop Ballad Band, 10 MIDI SuperTracks, 7 Instrumental Studies, 40 AmpliTube Presets & 37 Associated bonus Styles, and 52 Loops for Band-in-a-Box!

Take it a step further and add a 49-PAK to your purchase for only $49! Add the 49-PAK to your Band-in-a-Box® for Mac purchase and you'll receive these GREAT Band-in-a-Box Add-ons:
Video RealTracks Set 2: Country TrainBeat Band
ALL 40 UNRELEASED Bonus RealTracks
22 MIDI SuperTracks
101 Instrumental Studies
Artist Performance Set 8: Traditional Songs Sung by Béatrix Méthé.

Get to Know The Band-in-a-Box® 2018 49-PAK: Video link - Band-in-a-Box® 2018 for Mac- 49-PAK Overview

Band-in-a-Box® Version 2018 Pro & MegaPAK RealCombos!

We've added MORE to the RealCombos included in the Pro & MegaPAK packages with the release of Band-in-a-Box® 2018 for Mac!

The Band-in-a-Box® 2018 Pro includes 300 RealTracks instruments in over 100 bands - that's 100+ more than previous years - listen to them here.

There are now over 500 RealTracks in 300 Bands in the Band-in-a-Box® 2018 MegaPAK! Take a look at all the RealTracks & RealDrums in the MegaPAK here.

To receive the new version with these new RealCombos, upgrade during our special for as little as $59! http://www.pgmusic.com/bbmac.packages.htm.

Get ALL the Regular RealTracks & RealDrums when you upgrade to an UltraPAK or Audiophile Edition!

Title Track Day, May 23, 2018!

Did you know... today is Title Track Day!

Which album do you think of on this special day? Better yet, have you created your own album and named it after a song?

Join the converation...

New! Video RealTracks for Band-in-a-Box® 2018 for Mac!

NEW with Band-in-a-Box® 2018 for Mac - Video RealTracks Sets!

Video RealTracks allow you to see the RealTracks artist playing that track - you can use them just like any other RealTrack, and you can generate a video which will display the musician playing your song exactly as you hear it. You can also include a chord sheet or notation in the video.

We've added Video RealTracks Set 1: Pop Ballad Band to our Free Bonus PAK included in Band-in-a-Box® 2018 for Mac packages during our release special (which ends May 31st!).
Video RealTracks Set 2: Country TrainBeat Band is included in the 2018 49-PAK, along with 40 Bonus UNRELEASED RealTracks, 22 MIDI SuperTracks, 101 Instrumental Studies, and Artist Performance Set 8: Traditional Songs Sung by Béatrix Méthé.

SPECIAL OFFER: During our Band-in-a-Box® 2018 for Mac release special, purchase our "Video RealTracks Set 3-6 Special Bundle Offer" to complete your purchase with the remaining Video RealTracks Sets for the low price of just $49! http://www.pgmusic.com/bbmac.videorealtracks.htm

Learn more about the new Video RealTracks and see them in action: http://www.pgmusic.com/?vid=fzkX6jO_hW4

Video - 202 NEW RealTracks for Band-in-a-Box® 2018 for Mac!

With the release of Band-in-a-Box® 2018 for Mac we also released 202 NEW RealTracks (in Sets 278-300)!

Listen to all the individual demos here: www.pgmusic.com/bbmac.202newrealtracks.htm, or watch our Band-in-a-Box® 2018 for Mac - 202 New RealTracks Overview Video: http://www.pgmusic.com/?vid=7ZrfGSqjaOU

Get all 202 new RealTracks when you purchase any Band-in-a-Box® 2018 UltraPAK, Audiophile Edition, or the PlusPAK upgrade - on sale until May 31st!

Forum Stats
27516 Members
50 Forums
51860 Topics
428481 Posts

Max Online: 2434 @ 11/14/17 12:37 AM
Newest Members
KAVEE, JimmyD150155, Stevie G, Aimini, Korle

27515 Registered Users
Top Posters (30 Days)
Icelander 373
Janice & Bud 149
zedd 144
Noel96 143
David Snyder 132
JayO 118
rsdean 108
Scott C 101
HearToLearn 100
Deryk - PG Music 99
Today's Birthdays
Harvey Gerst, patlam, trumpet