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#432346 - 10/04/17 11:25 PM [Woodshedding - Learning to Play!] UNDERSTANDING INTERVALS
musicalcrib Offline

Registered: 09/09/17
Posts: 13
What determines the height of a tree is the root. Its quite funny how so many Pianist want to advanced to the next level yet they lack the basic foundational principles. Without these principles you cannot go beyond your normal level of playing. Find out what Intervals really are and how they are formed.
An “interval” in music is simply distance between two tones. Just like inches, feet, yards, and meters describe distance in physical spaces, intervals like “half steps” and “whole steps” describe distance in music.
“Half steps” are from key to key with no keys in between,
“Whole steps” always skip a key with ONE key( regardless if its a black key or a white note in between.
Examples of an Half Step is thee movement form B to C, F to F#, E to F, C to Db READ MORE @

#437056 - 11/08/17 04:11 AM [Woodshedding - Learning to Play!] Re: UNDERSTANDING INTERVALS [Re: musicalcrib]
cooltouch Offline

Registered: 12/20/11
Posts: 186
Loc: Houston, Texas
You might say that understanding intervals is the basis from which music theory can be acquired. Players of keyboards and stringed instruments have it easy. The intervals are laid out and plain to see. But how one uses them becomes the first steps into music theory. E.g., understanding that all natural diatonic scales contain two half steps and the remaining intervals are all whole steps. With the major scale, they occur between the third and forth scale tone and the seventh and tonic. This is easy to see if you're a keyboardist. Just using all white keys and starting at "C" you can see what I'm talking about (E and F, B and C).

Intervals are more than just whole steps and half steps, though. In chord theory you have intervals ranging from a second (major or minor, ie whole step or half step) to a 13th (octave of the 6th, major or minor). The foundation of chord theory is based on the interval of a 3rd, but you have major and minor thirds. Stacking at least two 3rds forms chords, from basic to advanced. E.g., stack two thirds, and depending on the scale degree of the first third, you have a major or a minor chord. Key of C: first 3rd interval for the major chord is E, then the next 3rd is G, an interval of a 5th from the root. Stack another 3rd and you have a 7th chord. Stack another and you have a 9th chord. Another and you have an 11th and finally stacking yet another gives you a 13th, and that's as high as you can get in chord theory.

Adding a 2nd or a 4th gives you "suspended" chords. But a 2nd and a 4th are used to form 9th and 11th chords. So what's the difference? Inclusion of the 7th. If a 7th is included with the 2nd or 4th, it becomes a 9th or an 11th. In some cases, inclusion of the 3rd also works. A suspended chord omits the 3rd. It gives a feeling of "suspense," with the listener expecting the suspended chord to resolve to a major or minor chord.

Adding a 6th, which is the same note as a 13th, gives you a 6th chord (but with no 7th) -- which is really just an inversion of the relative minor chord for that key (minor 7th, actually).

Chord theory is a fascinating topic and can only be truly understood once one is comfortable with intervals.

Edited by cooltouch (11/08/17 06:07 AM)

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